This towering monument of national pride, the third largest in Germany, was built to honour Emperor Wilhelm I after his death. Beneath an enormous equestrian statue of Wilhelm, the medieval emperor Frederick Barbarossa reclines in a throne. Visitors who manage to scale the 92 steps up to this squat tower are rewarded with some of the best views over Stuttgart. Over two hundred of these Bismarck towers were built between and , funded entirely by public donations. It may look like an ancient Roman amphitheatre, but this egg-shaped construction in Heidelberg actually dates from It is one of forty such amphitheatres that were built between and by the Nazi party to host propagandistic theatre performances.
After these performances fell out of public favour, the site was turned into a public park, and remains one to this day. The first Stolperstein was installed in in front of City Hall in Cologne. To date, more than It consists of 2.
- La melodia del corvo (Narratori italiani) (Italian Edition)?
- Giovanna Montenegro.
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The labyrinth of pathways between the undulating stones is intended to make visitors feel the loss and disorientation felt by Jews during the Holocaust. Due to its visibility over large distances and its unusual form, it has become a landmark of Dresden and the Elbe Valley. Its address is 37 Oberwachwitzer Way, Dresden. The railway is one of two funicular railways in Dresden, the other being the unusual Schwebebahn Dresden, a suspended monorail. Both lines are operated by the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG, who also operate the city's tram, bus and ferry networks.
Societaetstheater The Societaetstheater is the oldest popular theatre in Dresden, Germany. Founded in as an amateur theatre by a society of friends from both the nobility and the middle class, it was initially respected and influential but declined in the early 19th century after the fashion shifted to elaborate historical and verse dramas and the national theatre movement grew in importance, and was eventually dissolved in It was formed by the 19th and 20th century artworks of the Stadtmuseum Dresden, split off from the Museum and given a separate display in The long-stretched building in Neoclassical style closes the Zwinger courtyard on its northern side.
The Semper Gallery houses the It was built on the same location as the Semper Synagogue — designed by Gottfried Semper, which was destroyed in , during the Kristallnacht. The boundary wall of the New Synagogue incorporates the last remaining fragments of Semper's original building.
The outer walls of the synagogue are built slightly off plumb, intended by the architect to convey It is a venue displaying one of two panoramic paintings of Austrian-born artist Yadegar Asisi inside a former gasometer, accompanied by an exhibition. One of the two panoramas, Baroque Dresden depicts Dresden as it might have appeared in , the other, Dresden shows the city after it was destroyed during World War II. The Panometer was created in by Asisi, who coined the name as a portmanteau of "panorama" It is located in the Albertinum in Dresden.
The collection of the Dresden Skulpturensammlung ranges in age more than five millennia, from classical antiquity to the art of the Renaissance, Baroque, and Expressionism until the 21st century. Sculptures from the likes of Polycletus to Giambologna and Permoser, and from Rodin to Lehmbruck are included in the collection.
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It connects the city districts of Blasewitz and Loschwitz, two affluent residential areas, which around were amongst the most expensive in Europe. It is located close to Standseilbahn Dresden funicular railway and the world's oldest suspension railway Schwebebahn Dresden, as well as near the Dresden TV tower. The bridge is colloquial referred to as Blaues Wunder. This common Nordfriedhof Dresden The Nordfriedhof "Northern Cemetery" in Dresden is the former military cemetery of the capital of Saxony, now used as a public cemetery.
The Nordfriedhof is in the district of Albertstadt and is situated to the north-east of the inner city, near the south-western edge of the Dresdner Heide.
Near the cemetery grounds of about 4 hectares, accessible via the Marienallee as well as the Kannenhenkelweg, are the Army Officer School and the Cemetery of the Soviet Garrison of Dresden Sowjetischer Garnisonfriedhof Since it has been located in Dresden Castle. It gets its name from the Dresdner Schloss, the royal residence of the Electors and Kings of Saxony, which faces the south side of the square. Dating from the 15th century, the square was destroyed in Bombing of Dresden Founded around , it is one of the oldest museums in Dresden.
It is located in Dresden Castle. Its nearly , objects include coins from most countries of the world from antiquity to present day, historic and modern medallions, medals and insignia, historic bank notes and bonds, minting dies for coins and medals, It is the town's Hausberg or local hill. It was formerly the school for radio mechanics in the GDR.
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It is said to be the greatest cupola building in Central and Northern Europe. The city's historic Kreuzkirche was reconsecrated in Dresden has been an important site for the development of contemporary architecture for centuries, and this trend has continued into the 20th and 21st centuries. Historicist buildings made their presence felt on the cityscape until the s sampled by public buildings such as the Staatskanzlei or the City Hall. It is often attributed, wrongly, to the Bauhaus school. Most of the present cityscape of Dresden was built after , a mix of reconstructed or repaired old buildings and new buildings in the modern and postmodern styles.
Important buildings erected between and are the Centrum-Warenhaus a large department store representing the international style , the Kulturpalast, and several smaller and two bigger complexes of Plattenbau housing in Gorbitz , while there is also housing dating from the era of Stalinist architecture. After and German reunification, new styles emerged.
Daniel Libeskind and Norman Foster both modified existing buildings. Foster roofed the main railway station with translucent Teflon-coated synthetics. Libeskind changed the whole structure of the Bundeswehr Military History Museum Museum by placing a wedge through the historical arsenal building. There are about fountains and springs, many of them in parks or squares. The wells serve only a decorative function, since there is a fresh water system in Dresden. Springs and fountains are also elements in contemporary cityspaces.
A brief history of monuments in Germany
Another sculpture is the memorial of Martin Luther in front of the Frauenkirche. The Garden City of Hellerau , at that time a suburb of Dresden, was founded in In Heinrich Tessenow built the Hellerau Festspielhaus festival theatre and Hellerau became a centre of modernism with international standing until the outbreak of World War I. In , Hellerau was incorporated into the city of Dresden. Today the Hellerau reform architecture is recognised as exemplary. In the s, the garden city of Hellerau became a conservation area.
Dresden's urban parts are subdivided in rather a lot of city quarters, up to around , among them relatively many larger villa quarters dominated by historic multiple dwelling units, especially, but not only along the river, most known are Blasewitz , Loschwitz and Pillnitz. The villa town of Radebeul joins the Dresden city tram system, which is expansive due to the lack of an underground system. There are several small cinemas presenting cult films and low-budget or low-profile films chosen for their cultural value.
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Dresden also has a few multiplex cinemas, of which the Rundkino is the oldest. Dresden has been a centre for the production of animated films and optical cinematic techniques. Currently, the club is member of the 2. In the early 20th century, the city was represented by Dresdner SC , who were one of Germany's most successful clubs in football.
Dresdner SC is a multisport club. While its football team plays in the sixth-tier Landesliga Sachsen , its volleyball section has a team in the women's Bundesliga. Dresden has a third football team SC Borea Dresden. Since also horse races are happened and the Dresdener Rennverein e. The Bundesautobahn 4 European route E40 crosses Dresden in the northwest from west to east.
The Bundesautobahn 17 leaves the A4 in a south-eastern direction. In Dresden it begins to cross the Ore Mountains towards Prague. The Bundesautobahn 13 leaves from the three-point interchange "Dresden-Nord" and goes to Berlin. The A13 and the A17 are on the European route E There are two main inter-city transit hubs in the railway network in Dresden: Dresden Hauptbahnhof and Dresden-Neustadt railway station.
The most important railway lines run to Berlin, Prague, Leipzig and Chemnitz. A commuter train system Dresden S-Bahn operates on three lines alongside the long-distance routes. Dresden Airport is the international airport of Dresden, located at the north-western outskirts of the town. Its infrastructure has been improved with new terminals and a motorway access route. Dresden has a large tramway network operated by Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe , the municipal transport company.
Because the geological bedrock does not allow the building of underground railways , the tramway is an important form of public transport. While many of the system's lines are on reserved track often sown with grass to avoid noise , many tracks still run on the streets, especially in the inner city. The transparent factory is located not far from the city centre next to the city's largest park. Dresden is the capital of a German Land federal state. It is home to the Landtag of Saxony  and the ministries of the Saxon Government. The controlling Constitutional Court of Saxony is in Leipzig.
Most of the Saxon state authorities are located in Dresden. Dresden is home to the Regional Commission of the Dresden Regierungsbezirk , which is a controlling authority for the Saxon Government. It has jurisdiction over eight rural districts , two urban districts and the city of Dresden. Like many cities in Germany, Dresden is also home to a local court, has a trade corporation and a Chamber of Industry and Trade and many subsidiaries of federal agencies such as the Federal Labour Office or the Federal Agency for Technical Relief. It also hosts some subdepartments of the German Customs and the eastern Federal Waterways Directorate.
Dresden is also home to a military subdistrict command but no longer has large military units as it did in the past. Dresden is the traditional location for army officer schooling in Germany, today carried out in the Offizierschule des Heeres. In Dresden—an important industrial centre of the German Democratic Republic—had to struggle with the economic collapse of the Soviet Union and the other export markets in Eastern Europe.
The German Democratic Republic had been the richest eastern bloc country but was faced with competition from the Federal Republic of Germany after reunification. After a completely new law and currency system was introduced in the wake of the collapse of the German Democratic Republic and eastern Germany's infrastructure was largely rebuilt with funds from the Federal Republic of Germany. Dresden as a major urban centre has developed much faster and more consistently than most other regions in the former German Democratic Republic, but the city still faces many social and economic problems stemming from the collapse of the former system, including high unemployment levels.
Until famous enterprises like Dresdner Bank left Dresden in the communist era to avoid nationalisation , Dresden was one of the most important German cities. The period of the GDR until was characterised by low economic growth in comparison to western German cities.